Prices of spot liquefied natural gas for April delivery to northeast Asia continued their downward slide, falling 59.8% year over year to average $7.279 per million British thermal units, according to the latest Platts Japan/Korea Marker data for month-ahead delivery.
The figure reflects the daily JKM assessed between February 16 and March 13 expressed as a monthly average.
The year-over-year drop was largely attributed to weaker-than-expected demand from buyers in northeast Asia, where both electricity generation and utility gas usage are down on fairly mild temperatures over the winter season, and slowing economic growth. The fall followed the record year-over-year plunge of 61.7% seen the previous trading month.
Month over month, the April JKM dipped a more marginal 2.1%, suggesting that the downward spiral in prices was beginning to lose momentum.
The JKM had opened the trading month at $6.725/MMBtu on assessment date February 16 before beginning a steady uptick that saw the marker gain 97.5 cents over the period to close at $7.70/MMBtu on assessment date March 13.
This was the first sustained period of increases for the JKM since the beginning of 2015, although the market remained in backwardation, as demand is expected to slow further with the advent of northern hemisphere spring and warmer temperatures.
The U.K. National Balancing Point onshore gas market was seen to be providing some support to Asian spot prices, as NBP had been trading at a premium to JKM for the first half of the trading month.
“This afforded suppliers and traders the opportunity to deliver Atlantic-loading cargoes into the premium European onshore gas markets, while backfilling requirements in the Asian Pacific basin with cheaper spot cargoes,” said Stephanie Wilson, managing editor of Asia LNG at Platts. “This effectively tightened availability of cargoes in the Asian spot market as traders and sellers bought spot cargoes from various liquefaction projects, driving prices higher.”
At the beginning of the trading month, the NBP had been trading 40 cents above the JKM, but the spread narrowed as NBP prices slipped on warmer temperatures, while JKM trended higher as supply in the Asia Pacific basin tightened. The April JKM ended the trading month 80 cents higher than the NBP.
The effects of the higher NBP price were also felt in India, where importers looking to secure deliveries into the west of the country were forced to bid above other Asian buyers in order to attract cargoes from the Atlantic and Middle East.
Meanwhile, the price of possible competing fuel thermal coal decreased 11.5% year over year, while fuel oil was down 42.4% year over year.